Author:
The genius group from Madison Wisconsin, Sandy Benton, Sandy Benton
Subject:
Technology and Engineering, Elementary Education, Environmental Literacy and Sustainability, American Indian Studies, Ancient History
Material Type:
Learning Task
Level:
Lower Primary, Upper Primary
Tags:
  • Ancient History
  • Criticality
  • Engineering
  • Native American History
    License:
    Creative Commons Attribution
    Language:
    English
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Video, Other

    Engineering - Culturally Relevent Text Sets

    Engineering  - Culturally Relevent Text Sets

    Overview

    The engineering question would be how to create a tool to throw (or roll) the ball farther. Students would test initial throws (or rolls) Then they would be tasked with planning an investigation - creating criteria and constraints (if in grade 5). Students would then be introduced to the news article about the birdstone found in Door County. They would read the wikipedia article about the theories of birdstones, look at a map of where birdstones were said to be found and the tribes that were present. Then students would design an investigation to test how the atlatl worked (the science of energy quantities and transference of energy - depending on the grade) using pictures and art from history and the present. They create an atlatl-type tool and test it against their original throws or rolls. They look at two extensions of the atlatl, one a game that the cherokee played using the atlatl as a symbol and another from modern times, the chuckit. They then discuss whether attributions of the chuckit should be given to the first nations who actually invented the idea. (Criticality)

    How can I throw (or roll) the ball farther?

    Grade Level: 3rd - 5th 

    Content Area(s):Science of energy/ transfer of energy/ History 

    Environmental Literacy Standards Addressed:

    ELS.C1.B.i Describe natural and cultural histories of a locality, explain the relationship between the two from a variety of perspectives, and identify how that creates a sense of place.

    ELS.EX3.C.i Describe how cultures relate to their environments. Examine different perspectives on shared natural resources, and identify ways to measure health. Describe the importance of creating equitable policies, rules, and laws. Discuss the idea of right and wrong and examine impacts of individual actions.

    Pursuits: Identity and criticality

    Content Standards Addressed:

    (third grade) 

    3-PS2-1. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object.

    3-PS2-2. Make observations and/or measurements of an object’s motion to provide evidence that a pattern can be used to predict future motion.

    (Fifth grade) 

    3-5-ETS1-1. Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost. 

    3-5-ETS1-2. Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem. 

    3-5-ETS1-3. Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved. 

    Context (Briefly describe the unit of study and how the text sets were implemented with students)\

    The engineering question would be how to create a tool to throw (or roll) the ball farther. Students would test initial throws (or rolls) Then they would be tasked with planning an investigation - creating criteria and constraints (if in grade 5). Students would then be introduced to the news article about the birdstone found in Door County. They would read the wikipedia article about the theories of birdstones, look at a map of where birdstones were said to be found and the tribes that were present. Then students would design an investigation to test how the atlatl worked (the science of energy quantities and transference of energy - depending on the grade) using pictures and art from history and the present. They create an atlatl-type tool and test it against their original throws or rolls. They look at two extensions of the atlatl, one a game that the cherokee played using the atlatl as a symbol and another from modern times, the chuckit. They then discuss whether attributions of the chuckit should be given to the first nations who actually invented the idea. (Criticality) 

    Annotated Bibliography (APA style--minimum of 5 resources):


     

    cherokeetourismok. (2021, August 13). Cherokee traditions: Atlatl. YouTube. Retrieved February 9, 2023, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3nghNGEUO8

    Hauser, L. (2015, May 1). A Bird in the Hand . Door County Pulse.

              https://doorcountypulse.com/a-bird-in-the-hand/

    PBS North Carolina. (2022, October 15). Motion & Forces: The motion story: PBS NC science. PBS LearningMedia. Retrieved February 9, 2023, from https://wisconsin.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/motion-forces-motion-story-teach-sci-nc/motion-forces-motion-story-teach-sci-nc-animation/

    RickoTroanman22, R. T. (2022). File:USA 1836 With Native Controlled Lands and Labels.png. Wikimedia.org. Retrieved February 9, 2023, from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:USA_1836_With_Native_Controlled_Lands_and_Labels.png.

    Stewart, C. (1898). Chess and playing cards. Washington, D.C; University of Pennsylvania. University Museum.

    Why Olympic rowers and runners have different physiques. Inside Science. (n.d.). Retrieved February 9, 2023, from http://www.insidescience.org/content/why-olympic-rowers-and-runners-have-different-physiques/752

    Wikimedia Foundation. (2022, September 16). Bird Stone. Wikipedia. Retrieved February 9, 2023, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_stone

    Wikimedia Foundation. (2023, January 15). Spear-Thrower. Wikipedia. Retrieved February 9, 2023, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spear-thrower