Author:
MBA Research and Curriculum Center
Subject:
Career and Technical Education, Business and Information Technology, Marketing, Management and Entrepreneurship
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Level:
Middle School, High School
Tags:
Activities, Classroom Activities, LAP Module, Lesson, Lesson Module, Problem Solving, Problem Solving Skills, Reading, Student Reading, Test
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Downloadable docs

Education Standards

No Problem (Demonstrating Problem Solving Skills)

Overview

There’s more than one way to solve any problem! This LAP lesson module explains some common tools used in problem solving, including intuition, the seven-step approach, and brainstorming. It also details three categories of problems, describes the differences between types of problems, and illustrates why problem solving can help people accomplish their personal and professional goals.

LAP modules are comprehensive instructional packages that include all elements of a performance-oriented lesson plan. This LAP includes a student narrative that includes information about problem-solving skills, a (So What?) discussion of why it's important to learn, and a short (Gray Zone) case addressing ethical issues. The instructor section features a comprehensive discussion guide, complete learning guide (short answer) and post-tests (multiple-choice) with descriptive keys, student activities, and more.

Read the student narrative

Instruct students to read the student narrative. In addition, use the Discussion Guide and PowerPoint (attached)to lead a class discussion about demonstrating problem-solving skills. 

Read the attached narrative to learn about demonstrating problem-solving skills. 

Complete activities

Individual Activities


These activities are designed to reinforce individual student understanding and skill development in problem solving. Read the two activities and select the one better suited to the student’s needs.


1. Duplicate the handout entitled What Are They Doing? (attached). An answer guide can be found in the Resource Library.


2. Ask each student to write a one- to two-page paper describing how s/he has used problemsolving skills at home, at school, or at work. Make sure the students address the following questions in their papers:
• What was the problem you encountered?
• Where did you encounter the problem (at home, at school, or at work?)
• How did you address or solve the problem?
• What was the outcome?
• What might you change about the way you handled the problem?

Group Activities
These activities are designed to provide group reinforcement of the concepts and skill development
related to problem solving. Read the two activities and select the one better suited to the group’s
needs. It is recommended that the groups have the Student Guide available during these activities.

1. Preparation: No advance preparation is needed for this activity.
Process: Divide the class into groups of four or five students each. Ask each group to think of
a problem that a typical high school student might face—a personal problem, a peer problem,
or a work problem. Ask each group to then spend 15–20 minutes in a brainstorming session,
generating ideas about how to solve the problem. When they’re finished, ask each group to
present its ideas to the class.

2. Preparation: No advance preparation is needed for this activity.
Process: Divide the class into groups of three or four students each. Ask each group to spend
15–20 minutes writing a scenario involving a problem that needs to be solved. After the
groups have written their scenarios, ask them to switch with another group. Each group
should then collaborate to decide the best way to solve the problem they are given. The
groups should follow one of the problem-solving methods presented in the LAP. When
they’re finished, have each group present its solution to the class.
 

Complete the activity(ies) that your instructor assigns.  

Complete Learning Guide

Distribute the Learning Guide (attached) to your students. When they are finished, review their responses using the Learning Guide Key (found in the Resource Library).

Complete the Learning Guide. When finished, turn it in to your instructor for review. 

Test knowledge

Adminster the posttest. When you are finished, an answer key is provided in the Resource Library.

Take the posttest.