ACP Lesson Plan
|Title: Understanding the Accounting Equation||Author: Sue Craver|
|Grade Level(s): High School||Total Time: 90 minutes|
Overview / Description:
In this lesson, students will learn the fundamental accounting equation and its importance to business transactions.
To understand the fundamental accounting equation, which defines assets, liabilities and owner's equity, as it applies to the financial condition of an organization.
After completing this activity, students should be able to . . .
- Understand the components of the accounting equation (Assets, Liabilities, Owner’s Equity) and provide examples of each.
- Check the balance of the accounting equation after a business transaction has been analyzed and recorded.
- Solve the basic accounting equation for missing numbers.
- Define basic accounting terminology.
Workplace Readiness Skill:
|Attitude and Initiative||x||Planning and Organization|
Wisconsin Standards for Business and Information Technology
Accounting and Finance
AF1.a:Identify current structures and regulations affecting accounting principles and their effects on businesses.
AF1.a.4.h:Distinguish between the accrual basis of accounting and the cash basis of accounting and discuss the impact each has on financial statement
AF1.b:Analyze the effects of changes in assets
AF1.b.4.h:Journalize and post accounts receivable transaction
AF1.c:Analyze the effects of changes in liabilities
AF1.c.4.h:Journalize and post accounts payable transactions
AF1.d:Analyze the effects of changes in owner’s equity.
AF1.d.6.h:Demonstrate appropriate accounting techniques used to account for investments and withdrawals by owners
Textbook: Glencoe Accounting, by Guerrieri, Haber, Hoyt and Turner, McGraw Hill, ISBN:978-002-140088-1 OR accounting textbook of the teacher's choosing
YouTube Video – Accounting Equation Explained:
PowerPoint: Accounting Equation Overview:
End of unit quiz:
WHO (T=Teacher Focus Lesson; WG=Whole Group\; SM=Small Group; I=Independent)
|Learning Activity Task||WHO is responsible |
for this step?
|Approximate time |
|Accounting Equation PowerPoint - Teacher will review the PowerPoint on the accounting equation. Have the students make note of the accounting terms on slide three and the questions listed on slide four.||T||20 minutes|
|Accounting Equation Video - The teacher should then show the short video that provides concise overview of the accounting equation.||T||5 minutes|
|Accounting terms and questions from the PowerPoint - The terms and questions will be reviewed at the end of the presentation and video. Students should find and write down the definitions for the terms listed (the teacher can put that slide back on the screen). Then the students should get into small groups (4-6 students) and discuss the questions and come up with responses. The small groups then will present their answers to those questions.||SM/I||30-40 minutes|
|Balance the equation worksheet and complete the transaction worksheet - Students will then complete the "balance the equation" worksheet. This should be done individually. |
Students will then do the "complete the transaction" worksheet. This is done individually by the students. The instructions are listed in the MS Word document and the worksheet is in the MS Excel attachment.
|Accounting terms quiz - The final assignment is a 10 question fill in the blank quiz.||I||10 minutes|
- Group work on terms and accounting questions.
- Balance the worksheet assignment.
- Complete the transaction worksheet assignment.
- Accounting terms quiz.
This is an in depth overview of the fundamental accounting equation, which sets a solid foundation for a high school accounting course.
Extension Activity (for intervention or enrichment):
Teacher could lead a "think-pair-share" after the balance the equation worksheet and complete the transaction worksheet to check for understanding.